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: The Translatio.
The Origin of the Camino Legend

The sea-river route that follows the arrival of the Apostle to Galicia, from O Grove to Padrón, crosses the richest and most interesting estuary in Galicia – the Ría de Arousa – combining landscape beauty, climatic generosity, the main area of shellfish production and one of the best wine regions of the country. On this route we will sail along the estuary and upriver the way on which, according to legend, the remains of Apostle arrived in Galicia and we will also know one of the most representative villages of the Camino culture, Padrón.

At the beginning of the 5th century, Hieronymus wrote that the apostles shared up the world for their preaching and that they were buried where they had done so. At the beginning of the 8th century, the English monk Beda Venerabilis said that "the remains of St. James apostle remain hidden in the last edge of the world". And for many people the last edge of the world was in Galicia, because its cape Fisterra was considered the end of the world, the last sunset.

To explain the discovery of the remains of the apostle in Santiago, a story came up already in the 9th century: the corpse of St. James, after his beheading in Jerusalem (according to the Bible), was said to have sailed over the sea from Palestine to Galicia, the farthest place of his predication. This miraculous journey, known by the Latin name translatio, would have taken place around the year 44 a.D., immediately after the apostle's death.

A coin found in a 12th century archaeological site of this area proofs that already in those days many pilgrims followed this maritime route. On the coin you can see a boat and the body of St. James the Apostle lying down.

On this route we will recall the boat trip with the remains of the apostle, undertaking a maritime journey where we will contemplate an original and artistic heritage linked to the Camino: seventeen crucifixes that make up the only maritime via crucis in the world.

We will complement this trip with a visit to Padrón, the village where the St. James tradition starts. Padrón was a noted destination of the pilgrimage in the Middle Ages because, according to legends, it was the place where the apostle came to preach. This is the reason why we can find places so linked to the Camino as the rocks and the shrine placed on the hill where the apostle preached – Santiaguiño do Monte –; the miraculous Carmen fountain, with a remarkable St. James iconography, and the Church of Santiago, where we will find the famous pedrón, a Roman altar to which the boat with the remains of the apostle was allegedly tied when it arrived.

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I chose the Translatio experience because it seemed to be something completey different to what I had experienced to this moment. I couldn't imagine how good my choice was! I learned everything there is to know about the legend of the arrival of the Apostle to Galicia and I understood why this legend was placed in this gorgeous place of the world. We had two hours of boat-trip packed with secret surprises and accompanied with good food. And our visit to Padrón really rounded it up. Can't wait to visit this region again!"

Paul, 45 years

After encountering yoursel on the Camino, after the emotive embrace to the Apostle and the mass, with the tears caused by the botafumeiro, the pilgrim gets lost in the rumorous commerce of Rua do Franco. Son do Camiño can change this end of the journey and take the pilgrim to discover the secrets of this unique city. Congratulations, Son do Camiño!

Clinete, 67 years
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